Khiva is one of the most famous cities of ancient Khorezm, a large state located in the west of Central Asia.
Surrounded by powerful walls, the historical inner city of Khiva, the pearl of the Khorezm oasis, is declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
In the list of values of universal significance, Khorezm occupies a special place, as a major center of world civilization and one of the important centers on the Great Silk Road. According to archaeological data, Khiva was founded more than 2500 years ago. In 1997, Khiva celebrated its 2500th anniversary.
Among the unique values of world significance are architectural monuments of Khiva, which rightly earned the title of “city-museum”.
The appearance of modern Khiva mainly forms the architecture of the period of Khiva Khanate of the late XVIII – early XX centuries. But the archaeological excavations conducted here show that at the base of a number of relatively “young” remains of buildings lie ancient layers dating back to the III and even earlier centuries BC. E.
The Ichan-Kala complex is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Most architectural masterpieces of Khiva are concentrated in its urban core – Ichan-kale. It is a “city in the city”, enclosed by powerful fortress walls, in which four gates – on each side of the world. From the western gate to the east one of the main thoroughfares along which the main monumental buildings are located lay.